Adolescent pregnancy and its outcome in rural teaching hospital, Karnali Academy of Health Science Jumla
Introduction: Nepal is a low socioeconomic country and adolescent pregnancy can have a deleterious effect on the mother, child and the community. The aim of this study was to know the incidence of teenage pregnancy and its outcomes in the mid-western region of Nepal
Method: This was a retrospective study conducted in Karnali Academy of Health Science, Jumla, Nepal. Data were collected from the hospital records from October 2017 to September 2018.
Result: The incidence of teenage pregnancy was 22.6% among total deliveries. Most of them were Primigravida (84.9%). Majority of them were 18 years of age (47.5%). Caesarean section accounted for 10.8%. In perinatal outcome, the incidence of preterm birth was 15.1%, and extremely low birth weight was 2.2%, very low birth weight was 1.4% and low birth weight was 12.2%. Maternal complication accounted for 33.09%.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the incidence of teenage pregnancy is considerably high and it is associated with an increases risk of an adverse outcome to both mother and newborn. Therefore, education and awareness can be helpful in reducing adolescent pregnancy and its adverse outcomes.
Keyword: Adolescent pregnancy, teenage pregnancy, Karnali Academy of Health Science, Jumla, Nepal, Intrauterine Fetal Death, World Health Organization (WHO)