Healthcare Associated Infections: Epidemiology, Contributing Factors and Control Measure in Developing Country

  • Kapil Amgain Executive Editor, Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences (JKAHS)
  • Tika Rana The Nethersole School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China
  • Ranish Shrestha Infection Control Unit, Nepal Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Harisidhhi, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Sunil Shrestha Department of Pharmacy, Nepal Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Harisidhhi, Lalitpur, Nepal
Keywords: Hand Hygiene, Nosocomial infection, Healthcare-associated Infection (HAI), Patient safety, Nepal, Developing Countries

Abstract

Nosocomial infection or Healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) is a type of infection that occurs in a patient while receiving care in a hospital or other health care facility, and which was not present during admission. Epidemiological data suggests such infections to be the primary adverse event in a healthcare institute, with greater risk of infection in developing countries like Nepal. This article intends to suggest the various factors contributing to and the methods that the healthcare workers and other stakeholders could adopt to prevent and control the infectious diseases in order to reduce the HCAI-related morbidity and mortality in the developing countries.

Keywords:  Hand Hygiene, Nosocomial infection, Healthcare-associated Infection (HAI), Nepal, Patient safety

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3126/jkahs.v2i3.26642

Published
2019-12-05
How to Cite
1.
Amgain K, Rana T, Shrestha R, Shrestha S. Healthcare Associated Infections: Epidemiology, Contributing Factors and Control Measure in Developing Country. JKAHS [Internet]. 5Dec.2019 [cited 29Mar.2020];2(3):161-5. Available from: https://www.jkahs.org.np/jkahs/index.php/jkahs/article/view/155