Knowledge and Practice regarding Menstrual Hygiene among Physically Disabled Women in Kathmandu, Nepal

  • Bishal Pokhrel Karnali Academy of Health Sciences
  • Sunita Mahat Purbanchal University
  • Kriti Parajuli Turibhuvan University.
Keywords: Knowledge, practice, menstrual hygiene and physically disabled


Background: Disability is the condition of difficulty in carrying out daily activities normally and in taking part in social life due to problems in parts of the body and the physical system. Disability also carries stigma, so disabled people may face layers of discrimination when they are menstruating. The objective of the review is to assess the menstrual hygiene practice of disabled women, the barriers they face, and the available interventions to help them manage their menstruation hygienically and with dignity.

Method: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study that was conducted among 151 physically disabled peoples.Self-structured questionnaire and face-to-face interview was used as data collection tools and techniques. Data entry and analysis was done using SPSS 16.0. The results of the study were presented with the help of tabular description using the same software along with Microsoft word and excel 2007.

Results: Most of respondents knew the 26-30 days as normal cycle duration (80.13%). Majority of respondents had reported that they do not go to holy places (91.39%) and should not cook food (94.03%) during menstruation. Most of respondents had stayed (96.68%) and eat (98.01%) at same place and 31.38% of respondents had bath daily during menstruation. 83.44% of respondents used sanitary while 69.53 % of respondents changed pad twice a day. Maximum number of the respondents 91.39% disposed sanitary pad in dustbin. 87.41% of respondents learned about menstrual hygiene from parents.

Conclusions: Good and satisfactory knowledge about menstrual hygiene was found among age group 15-24years. This study on menstrual hygiene management behaviour and practices covered all categories of females in the Kathmadnu region., i.e. girls and women in both school and rehabilitation areas, educated women (from primary to university level), non-literate women, girls, women of reproductive age women.

Keyword: Knowledge, practice, menstrual hygiene and physically disabled

Author Biographies

Sunita Mahat, Purbanchal University

I have completed Bachelor of Public Health from National Academy for Medical Sciences, Purbanchal University, Kathmandu, Nepal.  

Kriti Parajuli, Turibhuvan University.

I had completed Master in Food and Nutrition from Padma Kanya Multiple Campus,  Turibhuvan University.

How to Cite
Pokhrel B, Mahat S, Parajuli K. Knowledge and Practice regarding Menstrual Hygiene among Physically Disabled Women in Kathmandu, Nepal. JKAHS [Internet]. 12Apr.2020 [cited 28May2020];3(1):1-0. Available from:
Original Articles