Knowledge and Practice of Family Planning Methods among Married Women of Reproductive Age of Chepang Community in Benighat VDC of Dhading District
Background: Knowledge of family planning plays a significant role in public health to control birth and maintain the health of women. Chepang is a backward and deprived indigenous group of Nepal. Teenage pregnancies, high fertility and high mortality of infants as well as mothers are more prevalent in these communities because of lack of knowledge of family planning. The objective was to find out knowledge and practice regarding family planning among reproductive-age women.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among married women of Chepang community in Benighat of Dhadnig district, Nepal from September 2016 to November 2016. A simple random probability sampling technique was used to collect 80 respondents.
Results: The age of the respondents varied from 17 to 47 years having mean 30.7 ± 7 years and the modal age group was 25-29 years (30%). The average marital age and first pregnancy age were 16.7 ± 2years and 17.7 ± 2.33 years respectively. Ninety-two percent of women were aware of family planning. The major source of information were health workers (79.2%) and radio/television (57.1%). The best-known methods of contraception were depo- provera (87.3%) followed by pills (85.7%), and least known methods were copper T (31%) and Norplant (31%). The contraceptive prevalence was 49.9% among which pills and Depo provera were used by 41.1% respondents respectively. One third (33.8%) of the respondents had adequate knowledge. Education, spousal communication, current users, married age, number of children and age at first pregnancy were the significant factors affecting the knowledge and practice of family planning (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Literacy status, spousal communication, family planning users, marital age, size of children, and age at first pregnancy are the associated factors of knowledge and literacy status, spousal communication, cultural taboos, and self-decision are the factors of practicing of family planning.
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