The Burnout in Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgeons in Nepal

  • Diperndra Maharjan Department of Orthopaedics, Shree Birendra Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Ritesh Sinha Department of Orthopaedics, Shree Birendra Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Rajesh Pratap Shah Department of Orthopaedics, Shree Birendra Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Shusil Rana Magar Department of Orthopaedics, Shree Birendra Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: burnout, orthopaedic, trauma, depersonalization, emotional exhaustion

Abstract

Background: Burnout is a syndrome, which consists of detachment from patients and colleagues, emotional tiredness and lack of achievements in personal life. Freudenberger HJ coined the term “burnout” in the 1970s and categorized in three categories namely depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and personal achievement. Since then there has been a lot of research on the effects of stress, work or emotion, on behavior and in professional life. Surgeons are particularly exposed to burnout and more common than in the general population and have been found that the burnout in orthopaedic surgeon is more than in any other specialty. There is a high level of dissatisfaction in orthopaedic surgeons in Nepal, who are emotionally harassed and tired of lack of achievements. There were research on burnout and over orthopaedic surgeon in different countries but there was no research on burnout and no studies were conducted in orthopaedic surgeons of Nepal. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the burnout level of orthopaedic surgeons of Nepal.

Methods: An observational transverse contacted survey among Nepalese orthopaedic and trauma surgeon by voluntary sample technique was conducted in Kathmandu Nepal between September 2018 - August 2019; using a self-administered questionnaire in digital as well as printed form that was based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Demographic and occupational data were also collected.

Results: Out of all contacted surgeons, 34 responded. The mean age was 35 and all were male. Almost everyone showed a high level of emotional exhaustion (94%), depersonalization (100%) and only 32% showed a high level of personal achievement.

Conclusion: Burnout syndrome is consisting of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and personal achievements and showed frightening level of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and a satisfactory level of personal achievements.

Published
2020-04-12
How to Cite
1.
Maharjan D, Sinha R, Shah R, Magar S. The Burnout in Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgeons in Nepal. JKAHS [Internet]. 12Apr.2020 [cited 28May2020];3(1):1-. Available from: https://www.jkahs.org.np/jkahs/index.php/jkahs/article/view/156
Section
Original Articles